How Has Surrogacy Changed over Time?

The perception of surrogacy has changed slowly over the past few years. As more couples and individuals consider surrogacy as a way to grow their families, the process has become less foreign to the general population. Celebrities who have chosen surrogacy have certainly done their part to “normalize” this form of modern family-building. Even with all of the celebrated progress of the past decade, surrogacy has endured a long road to get to where it is today, and there is a long road ahead still.

Surrogacy law, state-by-state
Surrogacy law is determined at the state level. This means that certain types of surrogacy agreements may still not be legal, depending on where you reside. Couples who reside in states that are not surrogacy-friendly will need to work with a surrogate who lives in a state favorable to surrogacy. As of late, more states typically allow surrogacy agreements, or at least do not necessarily oppose them, but some states still entirely prohibit surrogacy.

Traditional versus gestational surrogacy
First performed in 1985, gestational surrogacy has largely become the preferred surrogacy method. In gestational surrogacy, the surrogate mother has no biological connection to the child she is carrying. The child is the product of either the intended mother’s eggs or those of an egg donor. In a traditional surrogacy agreement, the surrogate mother does share a biological connection to the child as her eggs are used. Due to the emotional and legal concerns that arise from traditional surrogacy arrangements, gestational surrogacy has been widely considered as a safer alternative and continues to serve as the preferred choice for modern growing families.

Special Program of Assisted Reproduction (SPAR)
In 1999, the Special Program of Assisted Reproduction (SPAR) emerged, which allowed HIV+ men to contribute their own sperm toward the surrogacy process. SPAR uses HIV testing and sperm washing to help remove the risk of transmission from father to child.

The rise of LGBT family building
Modern family-building services are closely linked with the LGBT community, and surrogacy services serve the needs of same-sex men who use an egg donor and surrogate mother to have a child. Learn more about LGBT services at Surrogacy America.

Related Topics: Surrogacy law, Gestational surrogacy, Traditional surrogacy